Wood Purchasing Policy
As the world's largest home improvement retailer and an industry leader on sustainability issues, we have the ability to effect change by doing the right thing. To help protect endangered forests and to ensure that there will be timber for future generations, The Home Depot first issued its Wood Purchasing Policy in 1999. From 1999 through 2008 we have been very successful in leading our suppliers to understanding and practicing sustainable forestry throughout the world.
We pledged to give preference to wood that has come from forests managed in a responsible way and to eliminate wood purchases from endangered regions of the world.
Today there is limited scientific consensus on "endangered regions" of forestry. We have broadened our focus to understand the impact of our wood purchases in all regions and embrace the many social and economic issues that must be considered in recognizing "endangered regions" of forests.
To fulfill the pledge, it was necessary to trace the origin of each and every wood product on our shelves. After years of research, we now know item by item - from lumber to broom handles, doors to moulding and panelling to plywood - where our wood products are harvested.
It has been a daunting task, but we are proud of our accomplishments. To further show the company's leadership commitment to the environment and to promote certification in the industry we felt compelled to share our findings.
Building on the Journey
We sell less than 1% of all the wood cut worldwide with 94% coming from North America. The forest land coverage in North America has grown by 1.5% from 1990 to 2005.
Purchases from the rainforests have always been small and continue to decrease. In fact, less than 0.15% of our total wood comes from areas around the Brazilian Amazon Basin. In regions like these, we have partnered with environmental groups, governments and industry to educate and motivate the local communities to promote sustainable timber harvest.
Our research taught us much about the world's forest coverage by country. This information came from many highly regarded organizations, including, but not limited to, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), USDA Forest Service, the U.S. State Department, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the Global Forest and Trade Network, the Tropical Forest Foundation, the Tropical Forest Trust, The Nature Conservancy and the World Wildlife Fund.
Reaching out to Stakeholders
At Home Depot we have reached out to many stakeholders over the past 15 years to help us research and understand the world's forestry issues. We have participated in many committees and studies in efforts to clarify the issues that affect our forests. Some of these include Yale Forest Forum, Southern Forest Carbon Project, FSC controlled wood working group and many others. We also invite many ENGOs to our corporate headquarters to meet with our senior leadership team members. Examples of some of the ENGOs that have met with our senior leadership are: Greenpeace, Natural Resources Defense Council, Rainforest Action Network, Forest Ethics, Dogwood Alliance, Rainforest Alliance, The Nature Conservancy, WWF and others.
Environmental Seal of Approval
Wood is considered "certified" if it has been managed and harvested under strict guidelines and monitored by a third party to ensure sustainable practices are followed. In short, some certified timber can be tracked through its entire journey from stump to shelf.
One of the certification standards is the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), an independent organization based in Bonn, Germany. We sell more FSC certified wood than any retailer in America and at the same time we have transitioned more vendors to FSC certified wood than any other retailer in America.
We began to give preferential treatment to FSC certified products in 1999. In addition, we have shifted buying wood from questionable sources to companies that practice responsible forestry. From 2006 to 2007 we sold over 400,000,000 pieces of FSC certified wood products. These products originated in many continents including: Europe, Asia, North and South America.
We have worked closely with domestic and international manufacturers to help develop a supply chain that enables consumers to purchase FSC wood products. During the timeframe 2006 to 2008 we developed programs and purchased FSC wood products from over 60 global suppliers. These products currently include categories of doors, boards, patio furniture, moulding, plywood and much more.
Implementing the policy meant making minor changes to our wood supply chain and rewarding companies that practice responsible forestry. Since initiating our policy in 1999 and continuing through 2008 we have maintained approximately the same ratio in wood purchasing volume by country. In 2007 and 2008 we shifted additional wood purchases out of Malaysia, Russia and Papa New Guinea to areas of more sustainability and certified forests. In addition, we have:
- Stopped buying ramin dowels and shifted to FSC certified eucalyptus dowels
- Replaced carpenter pencils with FSC certified pencils
- Worked with our vendors to shift more than 80% of our lauan wood used in the production of doors to wood from more sustainable sources
- Replaced mahogany levels with domestically engineered wood
- Reduced our purchases of Indonesian lauan by more than 70%. The minimal amount of lauan purchases that remain in Indonesia are strategically placed with vendors that are aggressively pursuing certification, and have been engaged in third-party audits
- Moved more than 90% of our cedar purchases to second- and third-growth forests in the United States. The remaining cedar purchases are sourced from coastal British Columbia and have been through the local community stakeholder review. In addition, our vendors are participating in the Joint Solutions Process negotiations
- Significantly increased our FSC certified redwood. Our two primary suppliers of redwood both give a strong purchasing preference for FSC certified wood and we will continue to exercise a preference for certified redwood
- Introduced a line of building materials manufactured from wheat straw, including shelving, panel products and underlayment; many of these products are used as substitutes for tropical hardwoods
- Committed to not purchase uncertified wood products sourced from the 10 most vulnerable forest ecoregions as identified by the World Wildlife Fund in February 2001. These forest ecoregions include:
|- Southern Pacific Islands forests||- Madagascar mangroves|
|- Naga-Manapuri-Chin Hills moist forests||- Palawan moist forests|
|- Solomons-Vanuatu-Bismarck moist forests||- Philippines moist forests|
|- Cameroon Highlands forests||- Mexican dry forests|
|- Gulf of Guinea mangroves||- East African mangroves|
- Committed to not purchase wood products made from the 40 suspect tree species listed by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre as potentially endangered species, unless the supplier provides the export permit. These species include:
|- Afzelia bipindensis||- Dyera costulata|
|- Amburana cearensis||- Erythrophleum fordii|
|- Aniba rosaeodora||- Eusidoroxylon zwageri|
|- Aquilaria malaccensis||- Flindersia ifflaiana|
|- Araucaria angustifolia||- Guibourtia ehie|
|- Araucaria cunninghamii||- Intsia bijuga|
|- Aspidosperma polyneuron||- Juglans neotropica|
|- Baikiaea plurijuga||- Lovoa swynnertonni|
|- Baillonella toxisperma||- Microberlinia bisulcata|
|- Bertholletia excelsa
||- Microberlinia brazzavillensis|
|- Bombacopsis quinata||- Milicia excelsa|
|- Caesalpinia echinata||- Nauclea diderrichii|
|- Caryocar costaricense
||- Neobalanocarpus heimii|
|- Cedrela fissilis||- Pericopsis mooniana|
|- Cedrela odorata||- Pinus tecunumanii|
|- Dalbergia cochinchinense||- Pterocarpus angolensis|
|- Dalbergia davidii||- Pterocarpus indidicus|
|- Dalbergia latifolia||- Santalum album|
|- Dalbergis purpurascens||- Taxus wallichiana|
|- Dialium cochinense||- Vitex parviflora|
The Home Depot Wood Purchasing Policy
The Home Depot will give preference to the purchase of wood and wood products originating from certified well managed forests wherever feasible.
The Home Depot will eliminate the purchase of wood and wood products from endangered regions around the world.
The Home Depot will practice and promote the efficient and responsible use of wood and wood products.
The Home Depot will promote and support the development and use of alternative environmental products.
The Home Depot expects its vendors and their suppliers of wood and wood products to maintain compliance with laws and regulations pertaining to their operations and the products they manufacture.