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Kitchen Cabinets

Add beauty, storage and enhanced functionality to your kitchen.

New cabinets can enhance your kitchen's appearance, add value to your home and improve how your kitchen functions. While cabinets can account for more than a third of the total cost of a kitchen remodel, this investment can transform your kitchen into a stylish, highly efficient and organized multi-functional space. Selecting your cabinets may seem intimidating at first, given the large number of styles, types, materials and accessories to choose from. This buying guide will help you understand the many factors to consider so you can feel confident you're selecting the kitchen cabinets that best meet your individual style and storage needs. You may also find this information helpful in selecting cabinets for other areas of your home, such as bathrooms, laundry and entertainment rooms, to name just a few.

First Steps

Because kitchen cabinets can be a sizeable investment, taking a few actions before making your selection can make the process easier and help ensure you'll get the results you want.

  • Explore cabinet style and become familiar with the different types and designs of cabinets available.
  • Use our Kitchen Planner to help measure your kitchen and draw up a floor plan so you'll have an idea of the types of cabinets you'll need, how many and their approximate dimensions.
  • Set a budget.
  • Review your floor plan and budget during your consultation with a Home Depot Kitchen Designer who can help you find the perfect cabinets to fit your kitchen, lifestyle and budget.

YOUR CABINETS AT A GLANCE

Stock, Semi-Stock or
Custom

Stock, Semi-Stock or Custom Kitchen Cabinets

Match options, specialization and availability to your budget and timeframe.

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Construction

Construction Kitchen Cabinets

Choose framed or frameless style, materials, laminates and veneers and understand features to look for.

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Cabinet Types

Kitchen Cabinet Types

Combine base, wall and tall cabinets.

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Door Styles

Kitchen Cabinet Door Styles

Select overlay, wood types, design and finish.

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Hardware

Kitchen Cabinet Hardware

Personalize your cabinets with pulls and hinges.

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Finishing Touches

Kitchen Cabinet Finishing Touches

Enhance your cabinet's design with architectural details.

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Accessories & Add-Ons

Kitchen Cabinets Accessories & Add-Ons

Increase storage and access contents more easily.

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Tips To Help You

  • Products designated as "all wood" typically are all-plywood construction or a combination of solid wood and plywood. "Solid wood" means the cabinets contain no engineered wood products.
  • Avoid dust bunnies on tops of cabinets by trimming the gap with moulding.
  • Use false drawer fronts where drawers aren't possible, such as in front of sinks.
  • Cabinets between two and four feet wide should have two doors.

Related Buying Guides

Meet With a Designer

Home Depot Kitchen Designer

Our Kitchen Designers have the experience, ideas and how-to knowledge to help you get the most out of your kitchen cabinets. Schedule an appointment with a kitchen designer in a store near you and turn your dream kitchen into reality.

Arrange an Appointment

STOCK, SEMI-STOCK OR CUSTOM

A good starting point in selecting your cabinets is to determine the options, availability and specialization your kitchen project timeframe and budget requires, then decide if stock, semi-stock or custom cabinets best suit your needs.

Stock
These cabinets offer economical pricing, a wide range of standard sizes, styles and finishes and are often available the same day or within a few days of purchase. Stock cabinets typically offer some options for specialty functions and can be an ideal solution for projects with limited budgets. They are often built in widths of 3" increments ranging from 12" to 60" wide. Standard heights range from 30"-36" with above-stove cabinets in heights of 12"-18".

Semi-Custom
These cabinets offer more flexible options for storage, design and style as well as a wider selection of wood and finish choices. Semi-custom cabinets offer more functionality, with enhancements such as pull-out shelves, Lazy Susans and vertical dividers, to name just a few. They usually require a longer lead time for delivery and are priced in the mid-range. Available sizes are typically the same as those for stock cabinets.

Custom
These cabinets are constructed by hand to fit your kitchen to your specifications. Custom cabinets make use of all available space and are an ideal solution when non-standard sizes are needed to fit irregular-shaped spaces. Delivery time can take up to nine or more weeks, depending on the cabinet maker's schedule. The most expensive of the three options, they typically feature high-quality materials and construction features. Custom cabinets can be built in increments up to 1/32". Price varies based on size, materials and options.

CONSTRUCTION

Understanding cabinet construction and knowing a few basic features to look for can go a long way in helping you match cabinets to your décor, lifestyle and budget.

Framed or Frameless
There are two basic styles of cabinets: framed and frameless. While both of these cabinet types share similar construction, the difference lies primarily in their appearance and the amount of storage they provide.

Framed Kitchen Cabinets

Framed cabinets, also known as face-framed cabinets, have a frame on the front of the cabinet that makes the box highly stable and helps keep it square. Door hinges attach to the frame. Framed cabinets complement both traditional and contemporary décor.

Frameless Kitchen Cabinets

Frameless cabinets, also known as European-style cabinets, have no frame around the face of the cabinet box. Thicker side panels lend stability, and drawers and hinges attach directly to the cabinet's side walls. Because drawers do not have to fit in a frame's opening, they can be as wide as the cabinet, providing more storage. Frameless cabinets are often used with contemporary décor.

Materials

While you might think cabinets are made solely of wood, they are often constructed from other materials or combinations of materials as well. These materials are often combined to provide cost-effective, high-quality durability for the parts of your cabinet that are typically unexposed or behind the scenes. Materials commonly used for cabinet boxes and shelves include:

Particleboard
This material is made of wood chips or shavings bonded together with resin and compressed into rigid sheets. An economical alternative to solid wood, particleboard is very stable and is often used in stock cabinets as an underlayment for plastic laminates and wood veneers in the panels for the box and shelving. Particleboard doesn't warp, shrink or swell due to humidity, but should be properly sealed to avoid moisture. Particleboard is assembled using glue or mechanical fasteners.

Medium Density Fibreboard (MDF)
An engineered wood made from fine wood particles and glue formed into sheets, MDF is often used as a backing material for laminates and other finishes. MDF is very dense, resists warping and has a smooth surface suitable for veneers, laminates and paints. It is often used in mid-priced cabinetry. Strong and durable, MDF provides many effective benefits for limited budgets.

Plywood
This engineered wood is composed of layers of veneers stacked and glued together with alternate layers oriented at right angles, providing strength in its length and width. Furniture-grade plywood is used in custom cabinetry. Because heat and moisture cause wood to expand and contract in the direction of the grain, plywood's cross-grain pattern makes it more stable and stronger than solid wood. Plywood is often used for cabinet boxes and shelves in higher-priced cabinetry.

WOOD VENEERS & LAMINATES

Exposed areas of particleboard, MDF and plywood are typically covered with wood veneers or durable laminates and other synthetic materials.

Kitchen Cabinets - Wood Veneers

Wood Veneers
Wood veneers are thin layers of wood sliced from trees that are adhered to plywood or particleboard and treated with a variety of stains, varnishes and other finishes. Factors to consider when choosing a veneer include grain, pattern, thickness and colour. Popular choices include cherry, maple, oak, hickory, birch and pine.

Kitchen Cabinets - Thermofoil

Thermofoil
Thermofoil is a flexible vinyl applied to engineered wood to cover cabinet boxes, doors and drawers. It has a smooth to slightly textured easy-care surface that resists chipping better than paint. High heat may cause some discolouration over time.

Kitchen Cabinets - Laminates

Laminates
Laminates are thin, layered plastic coatings fused to the cabinet material with heat and pressure. They offer a wide range of options for colours, patterns and textures.

Kitchen Cabinets - Melamine

Melamine
Melamine is similar to laminate and made of a durable plastic applied to cabinet frames, shelves and drawers with heat, pressure and adhesive. Melamine is durable, easy to clean and resists stains, chipping and fading.

In addition to synthetic laminates and wood veneers, stainless steel and enameled metals are popular choices for cabinets in kitchens with contemporary designs.

FEATURES TO LOOK FOR

The features you don't see are the important ones that will keep your cabinets providing years of reliable use. Listed below are some construction details to look for that help assure you get the most out of your investment:

Kitchen Cabinets Construction Details

Box
Solid frames constructed of 1/2"- 3/4" solid wood or furniture-grade plywood offer the highest quality. Medium-density fibreboard and particleboard are used in some instances, but should be above a 45 pound rating to avoid warping. The box should have a solid back.

Drawers
High-quality drawers have solid wood sides, dovetail joints and plywood or hardwood bottoms set in grooves on all four sides.

Drawer Hardware
Drawers that extend to three-quarters or full extension offer easy access to the back of the drawer. Soft-close features keep drawers from slamming shut and pinching fingers, a feature to consider for families with small children.

Doors
High-quality doors have a solid wood frame surrounding a solid wood or plywood panel.

The next step in selecting your cabinets is to determine the types of cabinets you need.

CABINET TYPES

Kitchen cabinets fall into three broad categories.

Base Kitchen Cabinets

Base Cabinets
Base cabinets rest on the floor and support a countertop. They are typically between 34-1/2"-36" tall and 24"-30" deep and consist of one drawer with doors and shelves below, or three to four stacked drawers. Specialized versions of base cabinets include sink and corner bases.

  • A sink base typically has false drawer fronts and an open area below concealed by doors for storage and to accommodate sink plumbing and disposers. Some brands offer functional drawers on a sink base that tilt forward to store sponges and cleaning supplies.
  • A corner base fits in a corner and may have shelves or a Lazy Susan for easy access to cabinet contents.
Wall Kitchen Cabinets

Wall Cabinets
Wall cabinets hang on the wall and are 12"-18" deep. Standard heights are 12", 15", 18", 30", 36" and 42". Wall cabinets can be installed with or without a wall soffit. They're typically installed 18" above countertops and 54" above the finished floor, and 24" above the stove. The height that works best for you depends on how tall you are and the kitchen's ceiling height. Custom cabinets offer a wider variety of widths and heights.

Tall Kitchen Cabinets

Tall Cabinets
Tall cabinets are ideal for narrow spaces too small for a cabinet and a counter. They are a popular choice for pantries, can be 84"-94" tall and come in standard base and wall cabinet depths of 12"-18". Tall cabinets provide plenty of convenient space for dry goods, brooms and mops and even small appliances like vacuums.

Once you have determined the types of cabinets you need and the materials they're made of, it's time to consider the most visible component in your kitchen - the doors.

DOOR STYLES

Cabinet doors are the ideal vehicle for defining your personal style in your kitchen. Think of them as decorations and accents that improve the look and feel of your kitchen by combining four essential elements: Overlay, Wood Types, Design and Finish.

Overlays
The overlay is the manner in which the door rests on the face of the cabinet and a key design element that can dramatically change the door's style from traditional to contemporary. The two types of overlays are standard and full.

Kitchen Cabinets - Standard Overlays

Standard overlays, also known as traditional overlays, leave the face of the cabinet box visible around doors and drawers, creating a type of "frame" - called the reveal. This frame can range from 1/2"-1" around doors and drawers. Standard overlays are the most common type in cabinets and used in traditional design installations.

Kitchen Cabinets - Full Overlays

Full overlays have the cabinet doors mounted so they completely cover the cabinet box with virtually no cabinet frame showing around doors and drawer fronts. Doors may be separated by as little as 1/8". This style of overlay offers a sleek, sophisticated and seamless look often used in more contemporary design installations. Full overlays can affect the cost of your cabinets because more material is used in their construction.

While full overlays are used on all frameless cabinets, they work well with framed cabinets as well. In addition, framed cabinets offer several other options for how the door lays on or within the cabinet's openings. These designs include:

  • Inset - The door rests within the frame and is flush with the cabinet box. It is opened using a knob or handle.
  • Lipped - The door has a groove, called a rabbet, cut completely around the back edge of the door's perimeter, leaving a lip on the front side. This back edge rests flush within the cabinet box while the lip rests on the front of the cabinet.

WOOD TYPES

Another key ingredient in creating the ideal cabinet door for your cabinets is the type of wood the door is made of. Each species of wood varies widely in how it absorbs stains and glazes, providing a wide range of options for individual colours and finishes.

Wood Types and Characteristics
Features

Cherry

Maple

Oak

Hickory

Grain Fine to Medium Fine Coarse Coarse
Hardness Hard Very Hard Very Hard Very Hard
Colour Mid-Dark Light Light Varies Greatly
Unique Attributes Pin Knots Wavy Variations Streaks & Pin Knots Specks, Burls & Streaks

Other Wood Types:

Birch
One of the strongest cabinet hardwoods, birch has a close grain and a light tone similar to maple with curly, straight and wavy patterns. Birch has a satiny texture and is classified as White, Yellow, Red, and Black.

Pine
A soft, knotty wood, pine is a favourite for country or rustic styles. It has a close, uniform grain with a light yellow colour with few markings. Pine knots will vary from door to door.

DOOR DESIGN

Once you've selected the wood type for your doors, you can choose the design from literally hundreds of styles. While manufacturers offer a wide variety from which to choose, below are some of the most popular:

Kitchen Cabinets - Slab Door Design

Slab
Offers a flat, clean canvas for hardware with a streamlined and minimalistic style ideal for contemporary designs.

Kitchen Cabinets - Recessed Panel Door Design

Recessed Panel
Similar to slab with a minimal style that adds depth and interest. Versatile enough to go with country or modern designs.

Kitchen Cabinets - Raised Panel Door Design

Raised Panel
A classic style that blends well with formal classic, traditional looks.

Kitchen Cabinets - Shaker Door Design

Shaker
Known for its simplicity and favoured for its warm and casual feel, the Shaker style is ideal for understated looks.

Kitchen Cabinets - Cape Cod Door Design

Cape Cod
Reminiscent of bead-board and ideal for a cottage look with a casual, timeless style that blends well with informal kitchens.

Kitchen Cabinets - Arch Door Design

Arch
Adds sweeping elegance to most kitchens. Styles include a raised panel topped with an "eyebrow" arch or a "cathedral" arch.

Door designs can be further enhanced by replacing wood panels with decorative glass, turning storage into displays, especially when paired with in-cabinet lighting. Manufacturers offer a variety of clear, textured and frosted glass from which to choose, with the additional option of vertical and horizontal strips on the glass, called mullions, which divide the glass into panes.

Finishes

Finishes bring out the beauty of your cabinets and showcase your own distinctive style. From traditional natural wood tones to bold, contemporary colours, there's a finish to complement virtually any design and décor.

Kitchen Cabinets - Wood Tone Finish

Wood Tone
Finishes range from natural to dark, bringing out the natural beauty of wood species by showcasing their individual characteristics.

Kitchen Cabinets - Colour Casts Finish

Colour Casts
Adds vivid punch to kitchens with varying shades that include reds, yellows, blues and greens. Casts are typically opaque rather than translucent.

Kitchen Cabinets - Glazed Finishes

Glazed Finishes
Adds richness, texture and warmth to cabinets, creating soft highlights in corners and recesses.

In many cases, finishes can be further enhanced with techniques such as heirlooming and distressing that add warmth and depth, although the appropriateness of these enhancements varies by material.

Kitchen Cabinets - Heirlooming Finish

Heirlooming
Emulates natural wear with selective sanding that exposes underlying layers.

Kitchen Cabinets - Distressing Finish

Distressing
Achieves the rustic look of a gently-aged antique with imperfections that emulate dents, wormholes and chisel marks.

Hardware

Kitchen Cabinet Hardware

Drawer pulls, knobs and hinges are like jewellery for your cabinets - they unify your cabinets' appearance and define your kitchen's personality. Complement your cabinets' architectural style with hardware made of metal, ceramic, crystal and even plastic. For example, simple cabinetry designs like Shaker work well with brass with practical, unadorned designs while contemporary styles can be enhanced with sleek horizontal pulls and handles in stainless steel or brushed chrome. When selecting your pulls, keep in mind that no matter how exotic the material or design, they should first and foremost be easy to grasp and use.

Hinges are selected on the basis of both style and functionality because the type of hinge is determined by how your doors fit the cabinet.

  • Inset doors should be mounted with surface, butt or wraparound hinges.
  • Rabbeted doors with a recess or groove are usually installed with exposed lipped hinges.
  • Overlay doors should be installed with invisible Eurostyle hinges.

Finishing Touches

Carved hardwood details transform standard cabinets into one-of-a-kind design statements. Options include:

Kitchen Cabinet Mouldings

Mouldings
Enhance the look of cabinets that run to the ceiling by adding crown mouldings or stamped trim, or use moulding along cabinet bottoms.

Kitchen Cabinet Corbels

Corbels
The visual size and weight of corbels lend character to cabinets, particularly for shelving in open areas or countertop overhangs.

Kitchen Cabinet Onlays

Onlays
Add a touch of elegance and an eye-catching focal point to your cabinets with decorative onlays.

Kitchen Cabinet Columns

Columns
Columns add a stately elegance and handcrafted look to cabinets.

Kitchen Cabinet Fillers & Blocks

Fillers and Blocks
Fillers "fill in" cabinet gaps. Decorative blocks and ornaments provide a finished look with classic designs like grapes, pyramids and rosettes.

Kitchen Cabinet Feet

Feet
Enhance and decorate toe kicks with carved feet that give your cabinets the appearance of handcrafted furniture.

ACCESSORIES & ADD-ONS

Get the most out of your kitchen cabinets with accessories that help maximize storage, provide easy access to cabinet contents and reduce clutter on countertops.

Kitchen Cabinet Pull Out Shelves

Pull-Out Shelves
Offer the convenience of quick access to everything on the shelf.

Kitchen Cabinet Cutlery/Flatware Dividers

Two-tiered Cutlery/Flatware Dividers
Store nearly twice as many utensils and flatware.

Kitchen Cabinet Lazy Susans

Lazy Susans
Make items in corner cabinets accessible with one- and two-tiered spinning shelves.

Kitchen Cabinet Pegged Plate Organizers

Pegged Plate Organizers
Slides out for easy access to plates with adjustable pegs for flexible storage.

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