Trim back perennials that have gone dormant (once the leaves and stems have turned yellow or brown). If the plant still has green leafy growth late in the fall, leave it until the spring and then determine if it needs to be trimmed.
It’s more important to fertilize your lawn in the fall than in the spring. Enriching your soil with fertilizer in the fall sets the stage for strong spring growth.
Mulch garden beds to retain moisture and to protect your plants from rapid fluctuations in temperature.
Cutting your grass too short in the fall can make your lawn susceptible to winter damage.
Bone meal fertilizer is a powder made from ground and steamed animal bones that is used to increase phosphorus in the garden. Phosphorus is essential for plants in order for them to flower.
Prune established perennials that struggle with the cold weather, trim weak tree branches to minimize breakage caused by snow and ice accumulation and cut off the flowering part of new perennials to encourage new root growth.
Evergreens keep their foliage throughout the winter and need water to sustain optimal health. A watering in the fall (and any other warm periods through the season) can give your trees and shrubs the moisture they need to stay at peak health through the colder months ahead.
Plant trees, shrubs and fall bulbs at least six weeks prior to the first hard frost and be sure to cover your garden with mulch to protect against extreme cold.